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Union Light Artillery Uniform (Enlisted)

Reproduction Light Artillery Uniform (Corporal)*:
1. Model 1840 Artillery Sabre and Scabbard 4. Sky blue trousers
2. Mounted Services Jacket 5. Sword Belt
3. Forage Cap with crossed cannons 6. Canteen

*From the author's collection.
Related Regulations
Notice: The full 1861 uniform regulations are available in the Documents section of this site.
Click here for the full uniform regulations
1455. All Enlisted Men of the Cavalry and Light Artillery shall wear a uniform jacket of dark blue cloth, with one row of twelve small buttons on the breast placed at equal distances; stand-up collar to rise no higher than to permit the chin to turn freely over it, to hook in front at the bottom, and to slope the same as the coat-collar; on the collar, on each side, two blind button-holes of lace, three-eights of an inch wide, one small button on the button-hole, lower button-hole extending back four inches, upper button-hole three and a half inches; top button and front ends of collar bound with lace three-eights of an inch wide, and a strip of the same extending down the front and around the whole lower edge of the jacket; the back seam laced with the same, and on the cuff a point of the same shape as that on the coat, but formed of the lace; jacket to extend to the waist, and to be lined with white flannel; two small buttons at the under seam of the cuff, as on the coat cuff; one hook and eye at the bottom of the collar; color of lace (worsted), yellow for Cavalry, and scarlet for Light Artillery.
1459. On all occasions of duty, except fatigue, and when out of quarters, the coat or jacket shall be buttoned and hooked at the collar.
1464. For Officers of Artillery, Infantry, and Calvary - gilt, convex; device, a spread eagle with the letter A, for Artillery - I, for Infantry - C, for Cavalry, on the shield; large size, seven-eighths of an inch in exterior diameter; small size, one-half inch.
1467. For all Enlisted Men - yellow, the same as is used by the Artillery, &c., omitting the letter in the shield.
1475. For Companies of Artillery equipped as Light Artillery - sky-blue cloth. All trousers to be made loose, without plaits, and to spread well over the boot; to be re-enforced for all enlisted mounted men.
Forage Caps
1493. For fatigue purposes, forage caps, of pattern in the Quartermaster-General's office: dark blue cloth, with a welt of the same around the crown, and yellow metal letters in front to designate companies.
Cravat or Stock
1496. For all Enlisted Men - black; leather according to pattern.
1498. For Enlisted Men of Cavalry and Light Artillery - ankle or Jefferson, rights and lefts, according to pattern.
1499. For Enlisted Men of Artillery, Infantry, Engineers, and Ordnance - Jefferson, rights and lefts, according to pattern.
1501. For all Enlisted Mounted Men - yellow metal, according to pattern (see par. 1620.)
Sword and Scabbard
1519. For the Artillery, Infantry, and Foot Riflemen, except the field officers - the sword of the pattern adopted by the War Department April 9, 1850.
1520. The sword and sword-belt will be worn upon all occasions of duty, without exception.
1521. When on foot, the sabre will be suspended from the hook attached to the belt.
1549. The rank of non-commissioned officers will be marked by chevrons upon both sleeves of the uniform coat and overcoat, above the elbow, of silk or worsted binding one-half an inch wide, same color as the edging on the coat, points down, as follows:
1550. For A Sergeant Major - three bars and an arc, in silk.
1551. For a Quartermaster Sergeant - three bars and a tie, in silk.
1552. For an Ordnance Sergeant - three bars and a star, in silk.
1553. For a Hospital Steward - a half chevron of the following description, - viz.: of emerald green cloth, one and three-fourths inches wide, running obliquely downward from the outer to the inner seam of the sleeve, and at an angle of about thirty degrees with a horizontal, parallel to, and one-eighth of an inch distant from, both the upper and lower edge, an embroidery of yellow silk one-eighth of an inch wide, and in the centre a "caduceus" two inches long, embroidered also with yellow silk, the head toward the outer seam of the sleeve.
1554. For a First Sergeant - three bars and a lozenge, in worsted.
1555. For a Sergeant - three bars, in worsted.
1556. For a Corporal - two bars, in worsted.
1557. For a Pioneer - two crossed hatchets of cloth, same color and material as the edging of the collar, to be sewed on each arm above the elbow in the place indicated for a chevron, (those of a corporal to be just above and resting on the chevron), the head of the hatchet upward, its edge outward, of the following dimensions, viz.: Handle - four and one-half inches long, one-fourth to one-third inch wide. Hatchet - two inches long, one inch wide at the edge.
1558. To indicate service - all non-commissioned officers, musicians and privates, who have served faithfully for the term of five years, will wear, as a mark of distinction, upon both sleeves of the uniform coat, below the elbow, a diagonal chevron, one-half an inch wide, extending from seam to seam, the front end nearest the cuff, and one-half an inch above the point of the cuff, to be of the same color as the edging on the coat. In like manner, an additional half chevron, above and parallel to the first, for every subsequent five years of faithful service; distance between each chevron one-fourth of an inch. Service in war will be indicated by a light or sky blue stripe on each side of the chevron for Artillery, and a red stripe for all other corps, the stripe to be one-eighth of an inch wide.
For Enlisted Men.
1567. Of all Mounted Corps - of sky-blue cloth; stand-and-fall collar; double-breasted; cape to reach down to the cuff of the coat when the arm is extended, and to button all the way up; buttons (1467).
Other articles of Clothing and Equipment
1570. Flannel shirt, drawers, stockings, and stable-frock - the same as now furnished.
1571. Blanket - woolen, gray, with letters U.S. in black, four inches long, in the centre; to be seven feet long, and five and a half feet wide, and to weigh five pounds.
1573. Belts of all Enlisted Men - black leather.
1576. Knapsack - of painted canvas, according to pattern now issued by Quartermaster's Department; the great-coat, when carried, to be neatly folded, not rolled, and covered by the outer flap of the knapsack.
1577. Haversack - of painted canvas, with an inside sack unpainted, according to the pattern now issued by the Quartermaster's Department.
1578. Canteen - of tin, covered with woolen cloth, of the pattern now issued by the Quartermaster's Department.

Taken from:
Revised Regulations for the Army of the United States, 1861. (Philidelphia: Geo. W. Childs, 1862)

Notice: The full 1861 uniform regulations are available in the Documents section of this site.
Click here for the full uniform regulations

  ©2005 Richard McCoy. View Copyright Info or learn more About the Author.