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~Common Field Pieces~
3 in. Ordnance Rifle

Photograph by the Author
Taken at Gettysburg Nat'l. Military Park
  Perhaps the best field piece used during the war, the 3 in. Ordnance Rifle was an advancement over the 10 Pdr Parrott Rifle in that the entire barrel was produced in wrought iron, rather than merely shrinking a wrought iron sleeve around the breech of a cast iron gun as was done with the Parrott. The barrel was created by beating sheets of iron around a mandrel rather than by casting. The barrel weighed approximately 800 pounds, making it extremely lightweight in proportion to its power.

  The 3 in. Ordnance Rifle was designed by John Griffen and manufactured by the Phoenix Iron Company.

Hazlett, James, Edwin Olmstead, & M. Hume Parks. Field Artillery Weapons of the Civil War.
     (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1983).

Thomas, Dean. Cannons: An Introduction to Civil War Artillery.
     (Gettysburg: Thomas Publications, 1985).
  ©2005 Richard McCoy. View Copyright Info or learn more About the Author.