Photograph by the Author
Taken at Antietam National Battlefield
An outdated model from the Mexican War era, these small bronze cannon saw limited use during the war.
Although, like the later-designed Napoleon (which effectively replaced them), they fired 12 pound rounds, they were considerably less powerful and were only effective at close range.
Hazlett, James, Edwin Olmstead, & M. Hume Parks. Field Artillery Weapons of the Civil War.
(Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1983).
Thomas, Dean. Cannons: An Introduction to Civil War Artillery.
(Gettysburg: Thomas Publications, 1985).